Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than three million confirmed cases in 185 countries and more than 200,000 deaths.
The United States alone has more than one million confirmed cases – four times as many as any other country.
This series of maps and charts tracks the global outbreak of the virus since it emerged in China in December last year.
How many cases and deaths have there been?
The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.
It is spreading rapidly in many countries and the number of deaths is still climbing.
Note: The map and table in this page uses a different source for figures for France from that used by Johns Hopkins University which results in a slightly lower overall total.
The US has by far the largest number of cases, with more than one million confirmed infections, according to figures collated by Johns Hopkins University. With more than 60,000 fatalities, it also has the world’s highest death toll.
Italy, the UK, Spain and France – the worst-hit European countries – have all recorded more than 20,000 deaths.
In China, the official death toll is approaching 5,000 from about 84,000 confirmed cases. Numbers for deaths jumped on 17 April after what officials called “a statistical review” and critics have questioned whether the country’s official numbers can be trusted.
Note: The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average
The outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.
More than three million people are known to have been infected worldwide, but the true figure is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.
While the US and much of Europe has been hit hard by the virus, some countries have managed to avoid similar death tolls.
New Zealand, for instance, says it has effectively eliminated the threat for now after fewer than 1,500 cases and just 19 deaths.
The country brought in some of the toughest restrictions in the world on travel and activity early on in the pandemic but is now relaxing some of these. This week some non-essential businesses will be reopening but most people will still have to stay at home and avoid all social interactions.
While some countries are beginning to ease restrictions, others are only now starting to impose them as cases and deaths begin to rise.
Across Latin America, where many economies are already struggling and millions live on what they can earn day-to-day, there are concerns about the strain the growing number of virus cases could put on health care systems. Of particular concern are Ecuador and Brazil.
Ecuador has already seen its health system collapse – thousands have died from the virus and other conditions that could not be treated because of the crisis. While Brazil has also seen a steep rise in both cases and deaths, with every state in South America’s largest country affected.
Across the world, more than 4.5 billion people – half the world’s population – are estimated to be living under social distancing measures, according to the AFP news agency.
Those restrictions have had a big impact on the global economy, with the International Monetary Fund saying the world faces the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The UN World Food Programme has also warned that the pandemic could almost double the number of people suffering acute hunger.
Europe beginning to ease lockdown measures
The four worst-hit countries in Europe are Italy, the UK, Spain and France – all of which have recorded at least 20,000 deaths.
However, all four countries appear to have passed through the peak of the virus now and the number of reported cases and deaths is falling in each.
Germany and Belgium also recorded a relatively high number of deaths and are now seeing those numbers decrease, though as Belgium has a far smaller population than Germany the number of deaths per capita there has been higher.
How countries across Europe are deciding to move out of lockdown varies, with the EU saying there is “no one-size-fits-all approach” to lifting containment measures.
Spain has announced a four-phase plan to lift its lockdown and return to a “new normality” by the end of June. Children there under the age of 14 are now allowed to leave their homes for an hour a day, after six weeks in lockdown.
In Italy, certain shops and factories have been allowed to reopen and the prime minister says further measures will be eased from 4 May.
In France, the prime minister said this week that non-essential shops and markets will open their doors again from 11 May, but not bars and restaurants. Schools will also be reopened gradually.
Other European countries easing restrictions include Austria, Denmark, Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Germany, where children’s play areas and museums have been told they can reopen and church services can resume, under strict social distancing and hygiene rules.
In the UK, where there have been more than 170,000 confirmed cases and at least 26,000 deaths, lockdown measures are still in full effect. The prime minister has promised a “comprehensive plan” in the next week on how the government will get the country moving again.
New York remains epicentre of US outbreak
With more than one million cases, the US has the highest number of confirmed infections in the world. The country has also recorded more than 60,000 deaths.
The state of New York has been particularly badly affected, with 18,000 deaths in New York City alone, but Governor Andrew Cuomo says the toll “seems to be on a gentle decline”.
Mr Cuomo has suggested some parts of his state could begin to reopen after the current stay-at-home order expires on 15 May.
At one point, more than 90% of the US population was under mandatory lockdown orders, but President Trump has stated that he will not be renewing his government’s social distancing guidelines once they expire on Thursday and some states have already begun to lift restrictions.
Georgia, Oklahoma, Alaska and South Carolina have all allowed some businesses to reopen in recent days following official unemployment figures that showed more than 30 million Americans have lost their jobs since mid-March.
But public health authorities have warned that increasing human interactions and economic activity could spark a fresh surge of infections just as the number of new cases is beginning to ease off.
White House coronavirus taskforce coordinator Dr Deborah Birx has said social distancing should remain the norm “through the summer to really ensure that we protect one another as we move through these phases”.
Cenk Tosun has joined Crystal Palace on loan from Everton for the remainder of the season.
Tosun, 28, had not been expected to feature in new Everton manager Carlo Ancelotti’s plans and was keen to secure regular first-team football.
The Turkey forward has made minimal impact at Goodison Park since he was signed by Sam Allardyce in a £27m deal from Besiktas in January 2018.
Palace boss Roy Hodgson had previously registered his interest in Tosun.
“We’re delighted to have secured Cenk’s services,” Palace chairman Steve Parish said.
“We’ve enjoyed a great first half of the campaign and Cenk’s arrival will bolster our squad as we push for a top-half Premier League finish. Cenk has a proven record as a goalscorer and we’ve admired him for some time.”
Tosun has scored once in eight appearances in all competitions for Everton this season, taking his tally to 10 in 51 games.
He is available to play for Palace as they host tenth-placed Arsenal – the team directly below them – in the Premier League on Saturday.
Ethical veganism is a “philosophical belief” and so is protected in law, a tribunal has ruled for the first time.
The case was brought by vegan Jordi Casamitjana, who claims he was sacked by the League Against Cruel Sports because of his ethical veganism.
His former employer says he was dismissed for gross misconduct.
The judge ruled ethical veganism should fall under the Equality Act 2010 but is yet to rule on Mr Casamitjana’s dismissal.
Mr Casamitjana, 55, who lives in London, said he was “extremely happy” with the ruling – which is ongoing – adding that he hopes it “will inspire other vegans”.
The tribunal centres on his claim that he was sacked by the League Against Cruel Sports after disclosing it invested pension funds in firms involved in animal testing.
Mr Casamitjana says when he drew his bosses’ attention to the pension fund investments, they did nothing so he informed colleagues and was sacked as a result.
Animal welfare charity the League Against Cruel Sports did not contest that ethical veganism should be protected.
All vegans eat a plant-based diet, but ethical vegans try to exclude all forms of animal exploitation.
For instance they avoid wearing or buying clothing made from wool or leather, or toiletries from companies that carry out animal testing.
The tribunal’s ruling means ethical vegans are entitled to protection from discrimination.
“Religion or belief” is one of nine “protected characteristics” covered by the Equality Act 2010.
The judge Robin Postle ruled that ethical veganism qualifies as a philosophical belief, after satisfying several tests – including that it is worthy of respect in a democratic society, not incompatible with human dignity and not conflicting with the fundamental rights of others.
At the tribunal in Norwich on Friday, the judge said in his ruling that ethical veganism was “important” and “worthy” of respect in a democratic society.
He said: “I am satisfied overwhelmingly that ethical veganism does constitute a philosophical belief.”
Ruling ‘will inspire vegans’
Speaking to the BBC outside the tribunal, Mr Casamitjana said he was “extremely happy”.
“I’m really, really satisfied and I hope all the vegans out there that have been supporting me – there have been many helping me in my crowdfunding – I hope they now feel their little donation has been properly used and all the vegans will benefit.”
He added: “Veganism is a philosophical belief and when you look at my life and anybody else’s life who is an ethical vegan, you will see it.
“This is a positive belief, it’s not a negative belief. And therefore a positive belief is bound to be protected.”
He added that he is “passionate” about veganism, which “gives you hope”. Mr Casamitjana also said he was feeling “optimistic” for the ruling on his dismissal – which is due later.
Mr Casamitjana describes himself as an ethical vegan and campaigns to get his message to others.
His beliefs affect much of his everyday life. He will, for instance, walk rather than take a bus to avoid accidental crashes with insects or birds.
Exeter boss Rob Baxter does not want the salary cap row to detract from his side’s preparation for their Premiership meeting with Saracens.
Chiefs lost the last two Premiership finals to Saracens, who have since been docked 35 points for breaching the salary cap over the past three seasons.
Sunday’s game is the first time the two have met since June’s final.
“What I don’t want is guys stewing or overthinking the game and burning up their nervous energy now,” Baxter said.
“But I think come the end of the week it’s probably the right thing. If there’s anything that particularly needles you or aggravates you or motivates you – Saracens will use them all in their personal motivation – there’s nothing wrong with our lads using it in their personal motivation as well.”
Exeter were one of the clubs most aggrieved as a result of Saracens’ transgressions – chief executive Tony Rowe called for the champions to be relegated, while in the aftermath Baxter said Saracens had beaten Exeter in two finals “unfairly”.
“It was interesting before and it’s even more interesting now,” Baxter added to BBC Sport about Sunday’s game.
“We’re in that period in the run up to this game where we’ve got to lock down and really focus on ourselves.
“We do that really well in most other games and we’ve got to make sure that’s what we do this week, we’ve got to lock down and focus on ourselves.”
But the Exeter boss hopes the Sandy Park crowd are respectful of their opponents as they look to beat Saracens for a fourth successive time at home.
“For the sake of what’s good in rugby I would like to think our supporters are civil and welcoming to the Saracens supporters, but I kind of know they will be,” Baxter added.
“Over the years the amount of emails and letters I’ve received from visiting supporters who’ve dropped something into the club to say what a fantastic day they’ve had – and most of them have lost, so they’re not saying it because they’ve come here and won – they’ve said they’ve enjoyed coming to a proper rugby club and mingling with proper rugby fans.
“Those part of things should never change. That should be what rugby’s about. That’s probably why we as a club are a little aggravated by what the salary cap investigation has pointed out because that’s not what rugby’s about.”
|Venue: Allianz Park Date: Saturday, 21 December Kick-off: 15:00 GMT Coverage: BBC local radio and the BBC Sport website|
Maro Itoje returns for Saracens after missing the win over Munster last week.
Ben Spencer starts at scrum-half, Brad Barritt returns at centre and Wales prop Rhys Carre is set to make his Premiership debut from the bench.
Bristol welcome back full-back Charles Piutau, who is one of six changes.
Backs Luke Morahan and Andy Uren get starts while prop John Afoa is back from a dead leg and is joined by Harry Thacker and captain Steven Luatua.
Bristol lie in second place, two points behind leaders Northampton, while champions Saracens – deducted 35 points for breaching salary cap rules – are 14 points adrift of 11th-placed Leicester.
Saracens: Malins; Maitland, Tompkins, Barritt (capt), Daly; Farrell, Spencer; Vunipola, George, Koch, Itoje, Kruis, Isiekwe, Earl, Vunipola.
Replacements: Singleton, Carre, Lamositele, Skelton, Wray, Wigglesworth, Taylor, Lewington.
Bristol: Piutau; Morahan, O’Conor, Bedlow, Fricker; Sheedy, Uren; Woolmore, Thacker, Afoa, Joyce, Vui, Luatua (capt), Heenan, Hughes.
Replacements: Capon, Lay, Lahiff, Holmes, Hamilton, Randall, Lloyd, Leiua.
Unified world heavyweight champion Anthony Joshua says a fight with Tyson Fury or Deontay Wilder “has to happen in 2020”.
Britain’s Joshua reclaimed his IBF, WBA and WBO titles from Andy Ruiz Jr in Saudi Arabia on Saturday.
WBC champion Deontay Wilder is scheduled for a rematch with Britain’s Tyson Fury on 22 February.
“I feel like it’s ‘Lord of the Rings’, the last ring, let’s get it on, let’s make history,” said Joshua, 30.
Speaking on the Zoe Ball Breakfast Show on BBC Radio 2, he added: “It has to happen in 2020, we’re in the same division, same era, if these guys want to make history, especially Wilder because he has the last belt.
“We created history by becoming a two-time champion of the world and I feel like we can add to that legacy in 2020.”
By defeating Ruiz, Joshua joined a small cluster of men including Muhammad Ali, Lennox Lewis, Evander Holyfield, Mike Tyson and Floyd Patterson to have reclaimed the world heavyweight title.
Joshua says he will fight either the WBO’s mandatory challenger – currently Ukraine’s Oleksandr Usyk – or the man in the same position with the IBF, Bulgarian Kubrat Pulev next.
“If I don’t fight those guys I’ll have to give up my belt and I’d rather fight to defend them,” he added.
Three men have been stabbed to death in London in little over 12 hours.
Exauce Ngimbi, 22, was attacked in Hackney, east London, on Thursday afternoon and four people have been arrested on suspicion of murder.
Overnight, a man was found fatally wounded near Harrods in Knightsbridge, while another victim was killed in Deptford, south-east London.
The deaths mean 136 murder investigations have been launched in the capital this year.
It is the same amount as during the whole of 2018.
The victim who was killed in Knightsbridge was found unconscious near to luxury department store Harrods just after midnight after police had been called over reports of a stabbing.
He was treated by paramedics but pronounced dead at the scene at 00:39 GMT.
Another man was found injured and taken to hospital “in a serious condition”, police said.
Harrods said the store was open as usual but some entrances into the building had been closed due to the police cordon.
Emergency services were also called to Bronze Street, Deptford, at 03:00 GMT after a man was fatally stabbed.
No arrests have been made over either of the killings overnight and the Met have appealed for witnesses.
Detectives believe Mr Ngimbi, killed in Clarence Mews, Hackney, on Thursday died following “an altercation involving a group of people”.
A 14-year-old boy is among the four people to have been arrested by police and has been taken to a police station, the Met said.
Two 26-year-old men and a 23-year-old man have also been arrested on suspicion of murder.
Unai Emery has been sacked as Arsenal manager after 18 months in charge.
The Spaniard, who previously led Paris St-Germain to the French league title and won three Europa Leagues with Sevilla, was appointed Gunners boss in May 2018, succeeding Arsene Wenger.
He has been replaced on a temporary basis by assistant and former Arsenal midfielder Freddie Ljungberg.
Arsenal said the decision had been “taken due to results and performances not being at the level required”.
The Gunners have not won in seven games and lost 2-1 at home to Eintracht Frankfurt in the Europa League on Thursday.
It is their worst winless competitive run since February 1992, which was eight games, under George Graham.
They are without a Premier League victory since 6 October and eight points off the top four.
Ljungberg took training on Friday and the Arsenal statement added: “We have full confidence in Freddie to take us forward.
“The search for a new head coach is under way and we will make a further announcement when that process is complete.”
On Wednesday, BBC Sport reported Arsenal had identified Wolves boss Nuno Espirito Santo as a potential replacement for Emery.
Other names linked with the post include former Tottenham manager Mauricio Pochettino, Manchester City assistant coach Mikel Arteta, ex-Juventus boss Massimiliano Allegri and Bournemouth manager Eddie Howe.
The Arsenal Supporters’ Trust (AST) said Emery’s dismissal was “unfortunate but inevitable” and the “more difficult challenge is to recruit a suitable successor”.
It added: “We are far from certain that Arsenal has the right personnel to lead this process.
“The AST has long been advocating that the most important changes needed at Arsenal are in the boardroom where Arsenal need better governance.”
Arsenal finished fifth in 48-year-old Emery’s first season in charge at Emirates Stadium after he replaced Wenger.
They started this season with back-to-back victories against Newcastle and Burnley, but that run ended with defeat by Liverpool, before draws with north London rivals Tottenham and Watford followed.
Their last Premier League victory was a 1-0 win over Bournemouth.
On Saturday, they battled to a 2-2 draw – their sixth of the season – at home to Southampton, with Alexandre Lacazette scoring an injury-time equaliser.
Emery is the third managerial dismissal in the English top flight this season, after Javi Gracia and Mauricio Pochettino departed Watford and Tottenham respectively.
Arsenal’s last victory came against Vitoria Guimaraes in the Europa League on 24 October, in which they needed two late Nicolas Pepe free-kicks to secure a 3-2 win.
Former Arsenal, Chelsea and England midfielder Karen Carney, who retired after helping the Lionesses reach the World Cup semi-finals this summer, is writing columns for the BBC Sport website, working on Radio 5 Live and featuring on BBC TV this season.
I think Mesut Ozil will stay at Arsenal longer than Unai Emery.
Both of their contracts end next summer but it is the manager who is struggling most. And why Ozil hasn’t been playing against teams who play a low block (sit deep) is baffling, especially with the money he is on – he’s the highest-paid player in the club’s history on about £350,000 a week and has made just three Premier League starts this season. He is wasted on the bench.
And regardless of what he earns, Ozil has proven he can be one of Arsenal’s most important players.
Former boss Arsene Wenger seemed to get the best out of him. You saw that in what Ozil contributed, especially in 2016-17 when he scored 25 goals in all competitions as an attacking midfielder. Wenger believed in him and seemed to trust him. You don’t get that vibe with Emery. For whatever reason, he just doesn’t seem to like him.
Emery’s doctrine seems to be ‘if you train well and play well, you will get minutes’. That might be a factor in Ozil’s lack of game time and Emery does have to stick to his principles as a coach. I’m not saying Ozil holds back in training, but some players are special and they appear to go through the motions during the week, rock up at the weekend and pull it out of the bag.
He has been around long enough, making 236 appearances for the club, so he knows what he needs to do.
What Ozil has that others don’t
|Minutes-per-goal ratio of players to have played at least 1,000 minutes under Emery|
|Player||Minutes played||Goals scored||Minutes per goal|
I don’t think Ozil has been used in the right manner at Arsenal.
He can be Marmite – a super, super talent who can frustrate you at times. Arsenal fans know that and they know his vulnerabilities. He’s not a player that will appear to put his body on the line, but people underestimate the work rate and confidence to always want to be in possession of the ball.
Because of how fast the game moves, standing still and using game intelligence can sometimes be mistaken for laziness. He is a special player that is needed in certain games and certain situations.
Nobody else can open up a defence, nobody else can pass the way he does, nobody else has the patience and the composure he brings when he plays.
Most importantly, he has got end product. A lot of players get into good positions but they lack end product. Ozil’s strength is that he knows where the players are going to be, knows where to put the ball and he has got that calmness when everyone else is running around frantically.
He looks like he plays the game in slow motion but he isn’t. He just makes things look very easy.
Why Arsenal need to adapt
If Ozil does come back into the side, something will have to change. Nobody is disciplined enough at Arsenal to do the defensive work to allow Ozil to express himself.
The problem with Arsenal’s midfield is that they all want to go and they all want to attack. That has been the Arsenal way and it’s their Achilles heel. Ozil needs two people sitting in – players who are going to do the hard graft and the dirty work.
Emery has a good attacking line-up, but the rest is not there. The front four should be allowed to do their bit and everyone else defends and plays it simple. The players need to be reliable, consistent and have more structure. The attackers need to be free – and that includes Ozil. Don’t put any reins on him.
You have to accept that as a manager, or you don’t play him in certain games. But it’s strange he hasn’t played in games where Arsenal have had a lot of the ball and you would expect him to have more impact. I don’t know what the reasons are.
|Ozil’s goal contributions in his last five seasons at Arsenal (seasons under Emery in bold)|
People like Ozil are being made to feel like scapegoats because the midfield all attack and leave the defence very vulnerable. They need to protect the back four, who aren’t good enough at the moment.
It’s down to the manager to discipline them and teach them how to do it. Paul Pogba is an example at Manchester United – he is so different playing for France because he has Chelsea’s N’Golo Kante behind him.
Why Ozil’s relationship with Emery is important
You want to be inspired by the manager and work hard for them every single day. You want them to get the best out of you. Nobody wants to work for somebody they don’t get on with or don’t believe in their philosophy.
That’s why it’s important you are at a club with a manager who is going in the same direction as you.
As a manager, you know what the players’ strengths and weaknesses are. Ozil plays differently and I think that’s why he gets a hard time – the others who are not doing their jobs don’t.
Emery has given him a chance now and he needs to take it, otherwise people will say ‘wow, now I see why they didn’t play him’. It’s down to Ozil now.
Karen Carney was speaking to BBC Sport’s Emma Sanders.
Plans to redevelop the historical bell foundry where Big Ben was cast into a boutique hotel have been approved.
Whitechapel Bell Foundry started up in east London in 1570. The current site was sold to developers who proposed changing it into a hotel and workshop.
The plans were backed by the site’s former owners, but campaigners had called for the foundry to re-open.
Tower Hamlets Council’s development committee has approved the scheme by the chair’s deciding vote.
The foundry, which also made the Liberty Bell, which hangs in Philadelphia, is listed in the Guinness World Records as the oldest manufacturing firm in Britain.
It had been based on the site in Whitechapel Road since 1738, but in 2016 its owners announced the operation would move elsewhere in the UK due to a “downturn in orders”.
Whitechapel tower bells are now being cast by the Westley Group Ltd, near Stoke-on-Trent, while Whitechapel handbells are being cast in south London.
The proposals, submitted by Raycliff Whitechapel LLP, will see the refurbishment of part of the Grade II* listed foundry to create new workshops and a cafe, while an unlisted 1980s extension in the rear will be demolished and replaced with a 103-room hotel.
A council report on the application found the plans would provide “long-term public access through the site”.
Historic England said it would provide a “high degree” of heritage benefits.
However, there were about 780 objections to the scheme and one councillor told the development committee the plans would amount to “historical vandalism”.
The UK Historic Buildings Preservation Trust (UKHBPT), which does not own the site but had proposed a plan to restart manufacturing at the foundry, said it was “deeply saddened” by the committee’s decision and was considering launching a judicial review.